Global Framework Agreement H&M: An Overview

In recent years, the fashion industry has come under increasing scrutiny for its labor practices. Consumers are demanding greater transparency and accountability from brands, especially when it comes to issues such as worker rights and environmental sustainability.

H&M, one of the world`s largest fashion retailers, is no exception. The Swedish company has faced criticism for its labor practices in the past, with allegations of worker exploitation and unsafe working conditions in its supply chain.

In response, H&M has taken steps to improve its labor practices and transparency. One of the key initiatives it has implemented is a Global Framework Agreement (GFA) with trade unions IndustriALL and UNI Global, which aims to promote sustainable and respectful working conditions throughout the company`s supply chain.

What is a Global Framework Agreement?

A Global Framework Agreement is a voluntary agreement between a multinational corporation and a global union federation. Its aim is to establish a framework for cooperation and collaboration on labor and human rights issues, including freedom of association, collective bargaining, and workplace health and safety.

GFAs are seen as a way to promote responsible business conduct throughout a company`s supply chain, and to ensure that workers` rights are respected and upheld.

H&M`s Global Framework Agreement

H&M signed its first Global Framework Agreement in 2014, with IndustriALL and UNI Global. The agreement is based on the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and covers issues such as:

– Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining

– Workplace health and safety

– Prevention of discrimination and forced labor

– Promotion of sustainable practices and environmental responsibility

Under the GFA, H&M has committed to working closely with trade unions to ensure that all workers in its supply chain are able to exercise their rights and work in safe and respectful conditions. The agreement also sets up a formal grievance mechanism, which allows workers to raise concerns about their working conditions and have them addressed by H&M and the relevant trade unions.

The GFA has been praised by labor rights groups as an important step towards greater transparency and accountability in the fashion industry. However, some critics argue that the agreement is not legally binding, and that companies like H&M could do more to ensure that their supply chains are free from exploitation and abuse.


Overall, H&M`s Global Framework Agreement with trade unions IndustriALL and UNI Global is a positive step towards improving labor practices in the fashion industry. By committing to greater transparency and collaboration with unions, H&M is taking a leadership role in promoting sustainable and respectful working conditions throughout its supply chain.

However, there is still much more to be done to ensure that workers` rights are respected and upheld in the fashion industry and beyond. Consumers and activists can play a key role in holding companies accountable for their labor practices, by demanding transparency and supporting initiatives like the Global Framework Agreement.